A historic capital, Bagan, known as city of four million Pagodas, is the richest archaeological site in Asia. This enchanting city is situated on the eastern bank of the Ayeyawady river about 193 km south of Mandalay. The ruins of the city of Bagan cover an area of 42 sq.km containing over 2000 ediflices. The majority of these well-preserved temples and pagodas offer a rich architectural heritage from the 11th to 13th century Era. Bagan, located on the banks of the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) River, is home to the largest and densest concentration of Buddhist temples, pagodas, stupas and ruins in the world with many dating from the 11th and 12th centuries. The shape and construction of each building is highly significant in Buddhism with each component part taking on spiritual meaning. With regards to tour comparison between this immense archeological site and the other significant archeological gem of Southeast Asia, the Angkor sites, this analogy may be helpful. Angkor ruins are like a Chinese Lauriat banquet where food is presented in spectacular servings with a suspenseful wait between items which are hidden beneath curtains of forests. On the other hand, Bagan is served in Spanish Tapas style, the ingredients exposed to the customer and shown in small bite-size servings, with the next attraction close and visible at hand, in shorter intervals. Another analogy between Angkor and Bagan Sites when distinguishing temple structures is through their stupa and spire shapes.